How to Start an Internet Radio Station


One of the less appreciated shifts that the digital age has brought about is the rise of truly independent media: citizen journalists, bloggers, and even those people who make a living by creating Youtube videos. Whether you have a Ph.D. in economics or just a couple of strong opinions, everyone can now have their voice heard, leading to an unprecedented level of competition between different viewpoints.

There are a number of reasons that can motivate a person to look into setting up their very own web-based radio station — starting your own radio career can be very rewarding. Often, a person will want to set up the kind of radio they themselves would like to hear but can’t find, whether it consists of discussing Greek poetry or vegan cooking. Others are natural entertainers and would prefer friends as well as strangers to tune into them instead of spending their time in a depression chat room. Whatever the station’s intention and mission, a little more than a broadband connection is required to start jamming.


The Easy Way: Streaming Services

Suitable for both audio and video, streaming services require no technical skill whatsoever and start at around $100 per month for professional packages. This may seem like a lot for a hobbyist, but a reasonably popular station can easily charge as much for a single ad. All you’ll need is a decent microphone and an MP3 player, and you can potentially start broadcasting immediately.


The Less Easy Way

If someone plans to start broadcasting as a career or doesn’t want to be exposed to policy changes on the part of a third party, it’s not all that difficult to set up your own server. This doesn’t even need to be a rack-mounted monstrosity that requires its own air conditioning since an ordinary desktop PC will likely be all that’s needed to handle initial traffic volumes and production tasks.

Essentially, what is needed is installing an application that can play music, another to convert audio into a real-time stream, and a third that turns your computer into a server. In addition, a computer with a dedicated sound card (rather than using the chip on the motherboard) and professional quality microphone are recommended, which will allow good audio quality at least at the source.

There are a whole bunch of options for the various software functions, including open source alternatives. For easy configuration, a budding broadcaster can look into Winamp with its Edcast plugin, while Icecast2 creates a no-nonsense radio server.


Getting Started

The only data rate your ISP normally specifies is the downstream capacity, whereas you will mainly be broadcasting, not downloading. The bandwidth you’ll need is affected both by the broadcast quality and the number of simultaneous listeners, so you may need to upgrade to an enterprise internet plan. Alternatively, part of a cloud server can also be rented to handle all of the data requirements, with high availability at a reasonable cost.

Once you’ve wrestled with concepts such as ports and encoders, it’s time to actually start deciding on programming. There are few hard and fast rules when it comes to attracting listeners, whether you’re broadcasting as a business or as a hobby, but high-quality, consistent content is obviously a must. It’s better to only broadcast an hour or two per day and keep people interested in what’s being played or said.

Secondly, specialization is the name of the game. A quick look around the internet will easily reveal the existence of web stations in every niche you can think of. Competing with them is almost never possible by diluting your efforts across multiple genres. Instead, focus on what you can do well and wait for like-minded people to find you.

As one example, copyright fees can easily cripple a small station that tries to play the most popular tunes, but it may be possible to negotiate good rates with individual artists looking for exposure. Another route which can be followed is to focus on listeners in your town or even a single neighborhood, which helps keep content relevant and interactive, as well as making finding advertisers easier.




The Basics Of Journalistic Ethics


Various professions come with a code of conduct that’s adhered to a greater or lesser extent: doctors, lawyers, builders, soldiers. In each case, this is a recognition that these people have the power to both help and harm, and following a few guidelines has been shown to limit the risk.


The basic danger of ignoring these rules is clear: once listeners realize that you’re not following them, any commentary on current events will be left feeling empty and suspect to your audience. Any reporter who is found guilty of a serious ethical breach will have the reputation of a pariah, and will struggle to find future employment even at less reputable sources of news. Finally, getting it wrong can result in lawsuits under defamation and libel laws, and settlements are often substantial.


Editorial Independence

Every broadcaster that hopes to become popular knows to “respect the audience” and not transmit messages that would be offensive to them. Unfortunately, a small proportion of listeners have trouble distinguishing between moral outrage and someone simply disagreeing with them.


Advertisers also frown on shenanigans that will put their own brands in a bad light (pro tip: don’t call someone who doesn’t share your views a “slut” and “prostitute on live air). And, it’s an open secret that how news on controversial subjects is reported, including everything from climate change to political campaigns, affects where they choose to spend their money.


News editors and discussion hosts therefore have to walk a fine line between commercial viability and the accurate representation of current events. This can be done in a number of ways, for instance, by clearly separating factual reporting from opinion. A plane crash is a fact, speculating about its causes before the official verdict is released is opinion.


Equally, reporting on any issue should be balanced and reflect at least the views of the main players (think of how many reports you can remember on U.S. soldiers compared to Iraqi civilians). Balanced reporting does not mean that every bigoted or unfounded opinion should receive equal play, but that their contexts and supporting evidence are presented fairly. For example, if a famous expert is to participate in a debate, every effort should be made to find him an equally distinguished opponent, while the host may want to declare his own views or any conflict of interest explicitly.


Humanity and Compassion

All of us will remember the Boston Marathon bombing, but aren’t our memories of such incidents based mostly on what the media reported?


In fact, it seems that some editors saw the event as a payday rather than a tragedy. The death toll was initially inflated by a factor of four, while one newspaper published photographs of two “suspects” that had already been cleared by police, and in fact had been nowhere near the blast. They are currently suing the newspaper for the distress and notoriety this inflicted on them. Not to be outdone, CNN reported that an arrest had been made without checking this fact.


Reporters often cover sensitive stories or interview emotionally distraught people. At the same time, inaccurate reporting in the name of being first with the story can literally ruin lives. Subjecting bereaved persons, or those accused of a crime, to ambush journalism is not supporting the public’s right to know unless it yields information that is actually in the public interest. Listeners may have an attraction to scandal or prurient stories, but covering them requires greater ethical standards, not weaker. When publishing a story may cause harm to some individual, no matter how unpopular, it is advisable to get legal advice about how far his privacy has to be respected.



Good sources are more valuable than gold to any journalist who actually investigates stories (as opposed to reporting at second hand). However, for personal, professional or legal reasons, they will often be hesitant to speak under their own name. For this reason, anyone who gives information “off the record” is entitled to their identity being protected by reporters, even to the point of serving jail time. This principle applies to a person’s identity, as well as ancillary information that may be used to track them down, such as the neighborhood in which they live. The conditions and reasons for anonymity, as well as other conditions, have to be negotiated right at the outset.


Speaking of sources, plagiarism remains a real problem within the news community. For this reason, any information gained from other outlets should be credited accordingly. It’s also very bad practice, yet done, to claim that an interviewee or even the journalist himself was an eyewitness to some event – no amount of accuracy can be expected in these circumstances.


Finally, journalism can be a demanding job, in which a person searches out information that’s not generally known on a tight deadline. At some point, every reporter has to decide when enough is enough. Were comments sought from everyone affected? How many independent sources are needed for confirmation of key facts? Has the story been fleshed out enough, or is it distorted by oversimplification? Formal ethical guidelines can only help a person so far – at the end of the day, a decision often amounts to a judgment call which the person making it will have to live with.



Top 5 Love Lessons I Learned From Radio Shows In New York

Listening to radio shows is one of the things that I enjoy doing during the weekends. I have always been a big fan of anything that is considered as an old school, which is why I find relief in using my radio. Over the past few years, I have heard encountered several deejays from the radio stations in New York. If there is one thing that I noticed from these radio announcers or speakers, it is the fact that a lot of them relate a particular song to a love story – may it be a happy or a sad one. At the end of every song, these deejays will usually leave a comment about a love story that was mentioned in the show.


The reason why I am talking about this to you is that I wanted to share something special to everyone for today’s article. Allow me to take a trip down to the memory lane and revisit some of my favorite radio shows in the past. I have to say that I learned a lot from the deejays from various radio stations. Below is a list of the top five love lessons I was not expecting to learn from listening to the radio:


Love Conquers All


Every relationship will have its ups and downs, which is why couples should never freak out whenever they experience uncertainties and fights together. As long as they have love and respect for each other, everything is going to be great. Nothing can bring apart two individuals who are madly in love with each other. As such, if you find the right person, be sure never to let him go. You only get one chance in this life to meet the right man for you.


Love Requires Efforts


No one can expect a particular relationship to work if none of the parties involved are willing to exert efforts in cultivating love. As early as now, it is crucial for you to understand the reality that nothing easy will come your way. You must learn how to work hard for what you want instead of taking someone for granted. Take note that the goal is to have a long-lasting relationship. It can be possible as long as both you and the other person shows continuous efforts to love one another.



Love Is Not Selfish


There are some couples whoa re not meant to be together. Sometimes, people need to accept the reality that not all things are going to last. There are those that may be short-lived yet worthwhile. What you need to know is to assess the seriousness level of your current relationship so that it will be easier on your part to determine whether it is right to take the leap. Otherwise, do not be selfish by letting the other person go. There is no point in holding back since your soon-to-ex wants to have a way out from relationship. You need to understand this clearly.


Love Knows Forgiveness


As already mentioned above, a healthy relationship may come with issues and challenges. What is essential is for you and the other person to continuously make an effort in making things work. It involves having the ability to forgive your loved one whenever he commits something wrong. Forgiveness is one of the best things that you can share with the one person who has caused you pain and frustrations. Do not be afraid to take your time before forgiving your partner to ensure that you have already healed.



Love Is Beautiful


Another crucial thing that you have to remember is the fact that love is beautiful. Having this kind of emotion in your life is going to make you happy. Life is truly worth living if you have someone special to share it with. On the contrary, if you are still single, do not worry because your prince charming will come soon. There will be several challenges along the way, but with the right set of people around, you can be fine. Enjoy every moment that you are in love. Make an effort to seize the day with the love of your life.


As it appears, being in a relationship can be rewarding. I have to thank several radio shows in helping me learn these things.



The Role Of Media In Health Promotion


Health and wellness are our topmost priority. One of the many tools we can utilize in this day and age is social media, broadcasting on television and radio. Every day we see fitness coaches sharing their motivations in living a healthy lifestyle. We also witness fitness transformations from being fat to fabulous. Advertisements we see on tv or what we hear in radios commonly revolve around staying fit and healthy. However, how can we make sure that with the vast availability of slimming products, supplements and vitamins are best suited for us? How do we choose the right diet, exercise or even the right activities suited for our body and lifestyle?

It has been said that healthy looks different for everybody. That is true, as there are really different body types namely ectomorph which is described as the lean and more delicate body built, the endomorph which has more body fat percentage and lastly the mesomorph which is seen to be the perfect body type as it is more lean, compact, muscular and athletic. Apart from that, our daily activities depending on our jobs, lifestyle, and preferences vary.

As a social media user, we must verify the source of the information that we read and share. For example, articles about health must have reliable resources. It must be worth sharing especially if it can help your friends and family within your social media circle. Recipes, diet plans, and exercises you can do at home are just some of the examples worth sharing in social media.


We all know that television and broadcasting companies earn from advertisements or commercials. We can see multivitamins or even medicine ads, too. It is also obvious that they use famous and well-known celebrities as endorsers. When it comes to these products, one must carefully read the label. You must be keen as to whether or not it contains ingredients that you are allergic to. Some products may work for others but may not work for everyone. So don’t get discouraged why this product is not doing you any good, because each person has a specific way of responding to different substances. You can also read honest reviews online about them.

Same with television, radio also utilizes advertisements and commercials for support. Some companies sponsor them in turn for product promotion. As previously mentioned, it would be best to consult a therapist. Sometimes even if we have no idea how much a therapist costs, in the long run, we will appreciate that professional advice matters. They are people who are more equipped with knowledge and skills to guide us in terms of health.


With the different platforms nowadays where we can listen or read articles about health, it is still our responsibility to be keen about the details they provide. We have to make sure that the information or even products that they offer are suitable to our personal health needs. Health should be our greatest investment. Without it, we would not be able to do things that we are supposed to do or meet the goals we have. Therefore, it is just essential that we pay particular attention to it.…